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Journal of Korean Society for Quality Management > Volume 27(4); 1999 > Article
Journal of Korean Society for Quality Management 1999;27(4): 143-.
일반화 기하분포를 이용한 ARL의 수정에 관한 연구
문명상
연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 통계학과
A Study on the Alternative ARL Using Generalized Geometric Distribution
ABSTRACT
In Shewhart control chart, the average run length(ARL) is calculated using the mean of a conventional geometric distribution(CGD) assuming a sequence of identical and independent Bernoulli trials. In this, the success probability of CGB is the probability that any point exceeds the control limits. When the process is in-control state, there is no problem in the above assumption since the probability that any point exceeds the control limits does not change if the in-control state continues. However, if the out-of-control state begins and continues during the process, the probability of exceeding the control limits may take two forms. First, once the out-of-control state begins with exceeding probability p, it continues with the same exceeding probability p. Second, after the out-of-control state begins, the exceeding probabilities may very according to some pattern. In the first case, ARL is the mean of CGD with success probability p as usual. But in the second case, the assumption of a sequence of identical and independent Bernoulli trials is invalid and we can not use the mean of CGD as ARL. This paper concentrate on that point. By adopting one generalized binomial distribution(GBD) model that allows correlated Bernoulli trials, generalized geometric distribution(GGD) is defined and its mean is derived to find an alternative ARL when the process is in out-of-control state and the exceeding probabilities take the second form mentioned in the above. Small-scale simulation is performed to show how an alternative ARL works.
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