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Journal of Korean Society for Quality Management > Volume 21(2); 1993 > Article
Journal of Korean Society for Quality Management 1993;21(2): 242-.
Identification of Reaction Mechanism to Produce High Quality Weld During Submerged Arc Welding
The interpretation of the reaction mechanism is significant to produce the high quality welds and understand the welding processes. This investigation is important for the design of welding consumables and the selection of welding process parameters to develop the high quality welds. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of electrochemical reactions on the transfer of alloy elements between slag and weld metal during submerged arc welding During submerged arc welding weld metal composition is shown to be controlled by two reaction mechanisms in four reaction zones. The responsible reaction mechanisms are thermochemical and electrochemical reactions. The possible reaction sites are the melted electrode tip, the detached droplet, the hot weld pool immediately below the moving electrode, and the cooling and solidifying weld pool behind the moving electrode. The possible reactions in submerged arc welding at different zones of the process is schematically shown in Figure 1.
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